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News24  | Friday December 22, 2017 
Libya in chaos since death of Gaddafi
Tripoli - Libya, where rival authorities and numerous militias are vying for power, fell into chaos after the fall of strongman Muammar Gaddafi in October 2011. Gaddafi, who ruled Libya for 42 years, is killed on October 20, 2011, as he tries to flee his hometown Sirte. Three days later, the former rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) declares Libya's "total liberation" after a NATO-backed uprising that began in February. On August 8, 2012, the NTC hands over power to the transitional General National Congress elected a month earlier. Rise of radical groups US ambassador Chris Stevens and three other American staff are killed in a September 11, 2012 attack on their consulate in second city Benghazi. The jihadist group Ansar al-Sharia, linked to Al-Qaeda, is accused of being behind the attack. On April 23, 2013, a car bomb attack targets France's embassy in Tripoli, injuring two French guards. Violence is widespread. Libya plunges further into chaos with foreign delegations pulling out of the country. Rival governments Military strongman Khalifa Haftar, backed by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, launches an offensive in mid-May 2014 against Islamist groups in Benghazi. Several military officers, including from the air force, join his paramilitary Libyan National Army. In June 2014, following legislative elections, the General National Congress is replaced by a parliament dominated by anti-Islamists. In August 2014, after weeks of deadly clashes, Islamist-led militias grouped under the "Fajr Libya" (Libya Dawn) banner storm Tripoli and set up a "national salvation" government. The government of Abdullah al-Thani and...Read more